As a resident for two years of Greece, an ostensibly Orthodox Christian country, I grew accustomed to seeing graffiti which proclaimed, “Down with capitalism!”, or some such thing. But concerning “capitalism” merely as a way of organising a country’s economic system, Orthodox Christians can have rather little to say qua Orthodox Christians. There is no clear teaching either in the New Testament or in subsequent Orthodox tradition that government policy, businesses, the “marketplace”, or – to use that loathsome word – “consumers” should have greater or lesser control over the flow of capital. Given the right circumstances, economies which lean toward any of these factors can either help or hinder Orthodox in living in accordance with Christianity. After all, contra Max Weber, an economic system cannot have a “spirit” in the theological sense.

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