One day I was walking up on Rosario Hill, a lovely neighborhood with unpaved streets and marvelous views of the mountains. As I rounded the corner on one of the winding streets I looked up and saw a huge concrete cross. It appeared to be in the backyard of one of the homes. Somehow, I didn’t think that a homeowner would build such a huge monument in their yard. How odd, I thought, to find a cross in a residential community. This cross, seemingly a landmark, was worth a bit of investigation.

I found out that this reinforced concrete cross on Rosario Hill stands 25 feet tall and weighs 76 tons. According to the Historic Santa Fe Foundation the cross commemorates the death of 21 Franciscan friars and numerous Spanish colonists during the Pueblo Revolt of 1680. It was dedicated during Santa Fe Fiesta of 1920 and was the site of candlelight processions for many years. In 1925 the fiesta procession attracted about 3000 people, and bonfires on the hillside illuminated the cross.

Gradually, homes were built on the hill around the cross. The Near North Neighborhood Association donated the Cross to HSFF in 1993.

A later cross was built near the ruins of Ft. Marcy, the first United States Army post established in the Southwest,and is accessible via Paseo de Peralta. This cross is also a monument dedicated to the Franciscans killed in the 1680 Pueblo Revolt. It is a popular walking trail for visitors who want to enjoy the view of Santa Fe from the top.

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