Study: Narcissism a powerful force, even among religious
Although high levels of narcissism can impair ethical judgment regardless of one’s religious orientation or orthodox beliefs, narcissism is more harmful in those who might be expected to be more ethical, according to a Baylor University study published online in the Journal of Business Ethics.
“Devout people who are narcissistic and exercise poor ethical judgment would be committing acts that are, according to their own internalized value system, blatantly hypocritical,” said Marjorie J. Cooper, Ph.D., study author and professor of marketing at Baylor’s Hankamer School of Business. “Narcissism is sufficiently intrusive and powerful that it entices people into behaving in ways inimical to their most deeply-held beliefs.”
The study identified three groups- skeptics, nominal Christians, and devout Christians. Skeptics largely reject foundational Christian teachings. Nominal Christians are moderate in their intrinsic religious orientation as well as in their orthodox beliefs. Devout Christians are high in intrinsic religious orientation and orthodoxy, which indicates that they fully internalize Christian beliefs and values.
“We found that nominal and devout Christians show better ethical judgment than the skeptics overall, but especially those whose narcissistic tendencies are at the low end of the spectrum,” said Chris Pullig, Ph.D., chair of the department of marketing and associate professor of marketing at Baylor. “However, that undergoes a notable alteration as levels of narcissism rise for subjects within each cluster.”Continue reading at www.sciencedaily.com