Three out of five scientists do not believe in God, but two out of five do, said John Donvan, opening a debate on the issue of science and religion yesterday (Dec. 5) in New York.

The discussion pitted the perspectives from both sides against one another: Does science refute religion? Or does science address a different set of questions, with answers that can point toward religious truths?

“Tonight, I want to emphasize that 500 years of science have demonstrated that God, that vague notion, is not likely,” said Lawrence Krauss, a theoretical physicist at Arizona State University and one of two debaters arguing that science has rendered religion moot in this Intelligence Squared Debate.

Proponents for religion argue that the universe is finely tuned for life, with certain fundamental parameters in nature that make our existence possible. But Krauss turned this argument on its head.

“We would be surprised to find ourselves in a universe in which we couldn’t live,” Krauss said. What’s more, “most of the universe is rather inhospitable to life.”

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