A lawyer is facing the possibility of prison time after being convicted of an ultramodern crime that was all about antiquity: using online aliases to harass people in an academic debate about the Dead Sea Scrolls.

Raphael Golb was set to be sentenced Thursday on identity theft and other charges in a rare criminal case centered on Internet impersonation — and a very rare trial to air an obscure but bitter debate over the scrolls’ origins.

The top count is punishable by up to four years in prison, though Golb could also get probation. He has said he plans to appeal.

Prosecutors said Golb, 50, used fake e-mail accounts and wrote blog posts under assumed names to discredit his scholar father’s detractors in a dispute over which ancient Jews created the scrolls.

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