State governments have enacted a record number of abortion restrictions this year, including bans by six states on the lethal procedure during the last half of pregnancy.

States have adopted 80 abortion restrictions in their 2011 legislative sessions, far exceeding the previous record of 34 from 2005, according to a July report by the Guttmacher Institute.

Of this unprecedented number, four states — Alabama, Idaho, Kansas and Oklahoma — enacted bans on abortions at 20 weeks’ gestation or later based on evidence a baby in the womb experiences pain by that point. Another two states — Missouri and Ohio — approved prohibitions at 20 weeks or later based on fetal viability, which is the ability of the unborn child to live outside the womb.

Indiana also adopted a pain-capable abortion ban, as it is known, but it includes language providing discretion to abortion doctors that the National Right to Life Committee (NRLC) considers a potential loophole.

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